This colossal Hupfeld Helios III/39 is amongst the largest surviving of all the Helios models, and it is no less impressive today then it was circa 1911-1912 (a penciled date of 1911 was found on the back side of a side-wing glass panel), when it was brand new. It is one of only two known Hupfeld Helios category III specimens, the other one being a model Helios III/42 that is yet unrestored, and no category IV or V machines, which were significantly larger, are known to have survived. But even in the heyday of large orchestrions, a Helios Model III series machine was an uncommon sight, due to its large size and relatively high purchase price. So, imagine the excitement that must have filled the air when this spectacular Helios III/39 orchestrion was installed new in a dance hall in Cheminz Germany (during the forty years of the German Democratic Republic, after World War II, Chemnitz was renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt). Fortunately, against almost impossible odds, this particular large Helios did somehow survive, and was discovered and removed from the dance hall by Werner Baus circa 1980.
The musical specifications of the Helios III/39 are indeed quite impressive, let alone the utterly spectacular lighting effects and its overall gorgeous visual appearance. Using the same basic tracker bar layout as the smaller Helios I and II type machines, the type III layout differs mainly in regards to its use of much more extensive multiplexing, which is necessary to control the larger and more varied array of pipework, as well as other features not found on its smaller brethren. The musical complement is as follows:
Large upright piano with harfe (reiterating mandolin) attachment. The piano stack is divided, so that only a part or all of the piano can be turned on or off, thereby allowing other orchestral instruments to play solo arrangements.
Melody 25-note Pipe Ranks: Clarinet, Violin (loud violin, a compound rank consisting of two nearly identical violin ranks), Gedeckt (stopped flute), Piccolo, Flute (open flute), Aeoline (soft violin) and Posaune (horn/trumpet).
Accompaniment 15-note Pipe Ranks: Aeoline (two-rank mixture, soft cello) and Violoncello (two-rank mixture, loud cello).
Bass Section 12-note Pipework: Viola, Violoncello and Posaune (horn/trombone).
Trapwork: Orchestra bells, Xylophone, Snare drum, Bass drum, Kettle drum effect, Cymbal and Crash cymbal.
� An Aeoline pipe rank is a string stop (in the violin family) of very soft tone, i.e., equivalent to soft violin in the Hupfeld Helios. � A compound rank in this Helios is herein defined as two (or more) separate ranks of pipes that act or operate as a single rank, i.e., turned on or off simultaneously, and that tend to reinforce the overall loudness (as opposed to a single rank), while building up the tonal richness due to minute differences in the various pipes (rather than relying on "slightly dissimilar celeste tuning"). Extensive register control multiplexing permits many ways of operating certain pipe ranks and/or combination of pipe ranks. This means that a certain register operation might, for instance, simultaneously turn on a rank in the melody and accompaniment sections, and perhaps maybe include the bass section, too. Thus, under certain circumstances a particular register control, clarinet, for instance, might also simultaneously activate the posaune (horn) rank, as well as some combination of accompaniment and/or bass pipe ranks.
Discovered in an old dance hall by Werner Baus circa 1980, the instrument was removed and hauled to Werner's workshop, where he reportedly did enough repair work on the big Helios to get it into playing condition. Then, circa 1985, the Helios was sold to Q. David Bowers, who then sold it to Jasper Sanfilippo circa 1990-91. While in the Sanfilippo collection the giant Hupfeld was put on display, but about the only restoration work done on it was to have Art Reblitz work on the register box. Bob Gilson supplied beautiful silk-screened celluloid reproduction labels for the little register stop knobs, to replace the ones that had become lost and that had been crudely replaced with cutout paper circles bearing lettering that had been inked in with a ball-point pen.
Then, during the year 2000, the Helios III/39 was sold to Mark Yaffe, who had the good foresight to recognize the long term value of a thorough and meticulous restoration. Soon after acquiring ownership, Mr. Yaffe commission Ron Cappel to restore the magnificent machine, both mechanically and cosmetically, so as to return it to like new condition. To this end, Ron Cappel (and his assistant, David Sorrow), of Atascadero, California, worked for some two years on the mechanical portion of the huge instrument. Meanwhile, John and Steve Gonzales, Pico Rivera, California, began the rebuilding of the piano action and soundboard, as well as initiate the long process of painstakingly repairing and refinishing the massive and ornate casework. This extensive and careful restoration was completed a few weeks prior to the recording the Helios on Minidisk in November of 2002.
A good deal of care was taken in the selection of music rolls to be used during the recording sessions. This is partially because not all Hupfeld Helios music rolls are cut to play correctly on the large category III Helios models, and it was also thought important to utilize music that was likely heard and enjoyed by the citizens of Chemnitz when the Helios was new. Of the four CDs offered here, two favor popular dance melodies and marches, while the other two lean toward long standing classical favorites, all performed with a maestro's touch -- except, perhaps, for an infrequent but minor blunder due to manufacturing imperfections in the actual music rolls themselves. But even these infrequent errors are original to the sound of the big Helios. All in all, each of the four CDs offered provide a splendid glimpse into the wonderful world of mechanical music and the wondrous technological feats achieved almost 100 years ago, during the bygone days of a long, long ago yesteryear.
Historical information: Terry Hathaway, Ron Cappel, Q. David Bowers and Werner Baus
Photographs: Ron Cappel
|Hupfeld Helios III/39 Orchestrion - Volume I|
Popular Dance and Listening
|1.||A - Z aus der Revue: `A - Z', Marsch||Klein u. Doelle||#69 A|
|2.||Copenhagen, Fox Trot||Charlie Davis||#2026|
|3.||Original Charleston||C. Mack & J. Johnson||#2052|
|4.||Komm mit mir (nach Varasdin)||Emmerich Kalman||#1975|
|5.||Lovable Eyes, Fox Trot||J. Schwartz||#0004|
|6.||Ich hab' das Fr�ul'n Helen' baden seh'n, Fox Trot||Fredy Raymond||#H 2030|
|7.||Wiener Boheme, Shimmy, Schlager-Ragout, Tanzrolle-Dancing Roll||Richard Fall||#H 1958|
|8.||Du machst mir schlaflose N�chte (aus:'Achtung! Welle 505!'). Valse Boston||Walter Kollo||#2028|
|9.||Gl�ck bei Frauen, Shimmy||Ralph Benatzky||#1936|
|10.||Das haben die M�dchen so gerne, Marsch||Jean Gilbert||#1145|
|11.||Madonna (Du bist sch�ner als der Sonnenschein), Shimmy - Blues||Dr. Rob Katscher||#2044|
|12.||Black Bottom, Neuer Gesellschaftstanz||Ray Henderson||#2117|
|13.||Angora (aus:'Sie und ihre Meitzekatz'), Shimmy||Frank Stafford||#1948|
|14.||Katinka hat ein H�s'chen an, Shimmy||G�ber & Rhode||#2008|
|15.||Am Bosporus, Rheinl�nder||Paul Lincke||#359|
|16.||Bestimmung (Destiny), Valse Lente||S. Baynes||#1523|
|17.||Der Rose Hochzeitszug, Charakterst�ck||Leon Jessel||#1028|
|18.||Old Becomes New||Arr. Maarten Van der Vlugt||New|
|19.||My Fair Lady, Potpourri||Arr. Maarten Van der Vlugt||New|
|Hupfeld Helios III/39 Orchestrion - Volume II|
|1.||Ballet De Naila (The Dance of Flowers)||Leo Delibes|
|2.||Die Italienerin in Algier, Overture||Gioachino Rossini||#1974|
|3.||The Gipsy Baron, Waltz||Johann Strauss||#1153|
|4.||De Barbier van Sevilla, Overture, Vit. 40||G. Rossini|
|5.||La Traviata, Potpourri||Giuseppe Verdi||#72|
|6.||Rigoletto (Zeer Schoon)||G. Verdi||#43|
|7.||Tosca, Fantasie||G. Puccini||#464|
|8.||William Tell Overture||G. Rossini||#134|
|Hupfeld Helios III/39 Orchestrion - Volume III|
Popular Dance and March
|1.||Windsor, Fox Trot||Carl Robrecht||#2014|
|2.||Heut' geh'n wir morgen erst ins Bett ! Heut' tanzt Mariett'!, Lied und Fox Trot||Rudolph Nelson||#H 2192|
|3.||Gruss an Bern, Marsch, Tanzrolle-Dancing Roll||Carl Freidemann||#1995|
|4.||Grenadier - Marsch ("Fridericus Rex"). Armeemarsch No. 198, Tanzrolle-Dancing Roll||Ferdinand Radeck||#1843|
|5.||Du, nur Du!, Lied u. Blues (aus der Operette "Nur Du")||Walter Kollo||#H 2166|
|6.||Yes, We Have No Bananas, Fox Trot||Silver & Cohn||#2065|
|7.||Ich K�sse Ihre Hand, Madame, Lied und Tango||Ralph Erwin||#H 2213|
|8.||Was machst Du mit demKnie, Leiber Hans?, Paso Doble||#2038|
|9.||Heinzelm�nnchens Hochzeit, Charakterst�ck||Otto K�pping||#H 2169|
|10.||Yorkscher Marsch (Altpreu�ischer Armeemarsch Nr. 37)||#2086|
|11.||Hindenburg - Marsch, Marsch||S. Elsner||#1376|
|12.||Nur keine Angst, mein Schatz! (aus:'Achtung! Welle505!'), Fox Trot||Walter Kollo||#2027|
|13.||Deta Ein deutscher Tanz||Walther Bransen||#2171|
|14.||Ukulele Lullaby (Mein Kaffebraunes M�dchen), Fox Trot||#2108 B|
|15.||Mondscheinwalzer (Clair de Lune, Valse -- Moonshine Waltz, Tanzrolle-Dancing Roll||#H 1501|
|16.||Mein Fritz macht winke-winke, Fox Trot||Franz Stra�mann||#2123|
|17.||Oh Katharina ! (Gr�� dich Gott), Tanzrolle-Dancing Roll||Richard Fall||#H 1972|
|18.||King Cotton - Marsch|
|19.||Electric Girl - Shimmy - Fox Trot|
|20.||Saloon Keepers Marsch||Kutschera|
|21.||Carousel, Waltz||Arr. Maarten Van der Vlugt||New|
Hupfeld Helios III/39 Orchestrion - Volume IV
|1.||Mars Der Medici, March||Arr. Maarten Van der Vlugt||New|
|2.||Heinzelm�nnchens Hockzett, Charakterst�ck||Otto Kopping||#H 2169|
|3.||Einmal sagt man sich 'Adieu' (Stunden, die nicht wiederkehren), Walzer||W. Schmidt-Gentner||#2265|
|4.||Lustspiel - Overture||Keler Bela||#137|
|5.||Im Walde, Mazurka||E. Waldteufel||#5 A|
|6.||Csardarfurstin, Walzer||E. Kalman||#1488|
|7.||Der Negersklave Op. 54 Nr. 40, Walzer||Moritz Peuschel||#1456|
|8.||Der Zigeunerbaron Wer hat euch denn getraut||Joh. Straus||#116|
|9.||Die Hochzeit des Figaro, Ouverture (Figaro's Wedding - Overture)||W. A. Mozart||#1037|
|10.||An der Sch�nen, Walzer, Op. 314 (blauen Donau - Blue Danube)||Joh. Straus||#17|
|11.||La Marseillaise, French National Song (Rouget-de-I'Isle)||#214|
|12.||Ungarischer Marsch (Hungarian March)||E. Ohlsen||#482|
|14.||Menuett - Walzer||P. Hertel||#121|
|15.||Nimm mich mit, Rheinl�nder||Paul Lincke||#4 B|
|16.||Mignon, Ouverture||Ambroise Thomas||#237|